Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (32권6호 695-702)

A study on the factors affecting Cu(Mg) alloy resistivity

Cu(Mg) alloy의 비저항에 영향을 미치는 인자에 대한 연구


국민대학교 금속재료공학부;한국기계연구원;조선대학교 금속재료공학부;
국민대학교 금속재료공학부;한국기계연구원;조선대학교 금속재료공학부;


We have explored the factors affecting the resistivity of Cu (Mg) alloy, which was prepared by sputtering. The results show that the resistivity is a function of Mg content, annealing temperature, annealing time, and Cu-alloy thickness. Addition of Mg to copper increases the resistivity through solute scattering. In addition, increasing Mg content promotes the interfacial reaction between Mg and SiO$_2$ to produce the free silicon and the generated free silicon dissolves into copper, resulting in a significant increase of resistivity. Furthermore, increasing oxidation temperature rapidly decreases the resistivity at the initial stage of oxidation and then continues to increase the resistivity to the saturation value with increasing oxidation time. The saturation value depends on the residual Mg content and the thickness of the alloy. TEM and AES analyses reveal that dense, uniform MgO grows to the limiting thickness of about $150AA$. However, interfacial MgO does not show the limiting thickness, instead continues to grow until Mg is completely exhausted. From these facts, we proposed the maximum available Mg content needed to from the dense MgO on the surface and suppress the excessive interfacial reaction.