Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (32권1호 43-48)

A Surface Study of 304 and 316 Stainless Steel Oxidized between $300^{circ}C$ and $500^{circ}C$

$300^{circ}C$$500^{circ}C$사이에서 산회된 304, 316 스테인리스강의 표면특성


전남대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;한려대학교 제철금속학과;
전남대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;한려대학교 제철금속학과;


Oxidation behavior of 304 and 316 stainless steels was studied. After solution heat treatment, specimens were polished up to 1$mu extrm{m}$ using $Al_2O_3$ powder and then subjected to oxidation between $300^{circ}C$ and 50$0^{circ}C$ in dry air. TEM and EDS were used for analyzing the components and structure of oxide film. TEM analysis of oxide film revealed that thin amorphous Fe oxide ($Fe_2O_3$) was formed on the top of surface while polycrystalline (Cr, $Fe_2O_3$ was formed below the amorphous Fe oxide layer. The specimens oxidized at $500^{circ}C$ showed that 316 stainless steel had higher oxidation resistance than 304 stainless steel. These results suggest that Mo component of 316 stainless steel suppresses the formation of Cr carbide which may result in a local Cr depleted area.