Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (27권4호 207-214)

A study on the characteristics of phosphating solution for automobile-aluminum-body sheets

차체용 알루미늄합금의 인산염피막 처리액의 특성 관한 연구

Lee, K. H.;Ro, B. H.;Kim, M.;

한국기계연구원 재료공정연구부;
Department of materials processing, Korea Institute of Machinery & Metals;


In consideration of global environmental protection and fuel saving, aluminum alloy sheets for auto body panels such as hood, fender etc., are expected one of the most promising materials for weight saving of cars. The chemical conversion coating is required to prevent the filiform corrosion occurring on painted aluminum. However the conventional process for the composited material mixed with aluminum and steel is complexs; aluminum part is chromated and assembled to the body, and then the steel body undergoes Zn phosphating. In order to overcome the low productivity due to the complex process and the environmental problem with a conventional process, a simultaneous zinc phosphating process for alsuminum and steel in an assembled condition is demanded. Newly developed phosphate solution has been investigated to characterize the phosphating behavior under various conditions. The optimum conditions of the phosphating solution for the application of the paint treatment derived as follows : about 0.3 for the ratio of Zn to $PO_4$, , 200~500 ppm for the concentration of fluoride ion, and 2.5~4.0 for pH. The concentration of dissolved aluminum ion must be kept below 2--ppm and suitable accelerator is found to be a mixture of 1g/$ell$ $NO_2;^-$, and 6g/$ell$ $NO_3;^-$.