Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (27권2호 109-117)

Electroless Ni Plating for Memory Device Metallization Using Ultrasonic Agitation

초음파 교반을 이용한 기억소자 Metallization용 무전해 Ni Plating


한양대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;
한양대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;


Effect of ultrasonic agitation on the contact properties was studied in Ni electroless plating and Pd activation. P-type Si bare wafers were used as substrate and DMAB was used as reducing agent due to its good electrical properties, solderability and compatibility to substrate. In activation, high density Pd nuclei of small size were formed during ultra-sonic agitation compared to that of no stirring. In electroless plating, the plating rate was enhanced by 30∼90% by using ultrasonic agitation. In elecrtoless plating, inhibitor is the most effective additives in ultrasonic agitation. In this experi-ment, thiourea was used as inhibitor. The less the amount of the inhibitor, the more ultrasonic agitation efficiency. It is confirmed by SEM that Ni-B films formed by ultrasonic were coarser, less porous, and denser than those of no stirring. In ultrasonic agitation, boron content of the films was more than those of no stirring. In this case, the more DMAB concentration, the higher the temperature, the less pH, the more boron content. Resistivity of the films formed by ultrasonic agitation was higher than that of no strirring. As the content of boron was increased, the resistivity of the films was increased exponentially.