Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (26권5호 245-254)

The Composition and the Microstructure of Pulse current electrodeposits of SilverTin alloy

파형전류전해에 의한 은-주석합금 전착층의 조성 및 현미경조직


영남대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;
영남대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;


The effects of pulse current electrolysis conditions on the composition and the microstructure of Ag-Sn alloy were studied by using a pyrophosphate bath. Both cathode current efficiency and throwing power of alloy deposits formed under pulse plating conditions, decreased with increasing mean current density, and lower than those under D.C. electrolysis condition. Tin content of Ag-Sn alloy decreased noticebly with in-creasing the mean current density, while it increased with the increase of On-time from 1 to 10 ms. The pre-ferred orientation of Ag-Sn alloy changed with increasing cathode overpotential in the sequence of (100)longrightarrow(100)+(111)longrightarrow(111) at $20^{circ}C$ and (110)longrightarrow(111)longrightarrow(111)+(100) at $30^{circ}C$. The effective crystal grain size of the alloy was decreased by decreasing temperature from $30^{circ}C$ to $20^{circ}C$ and the surface structure of them was related to the preferred orientation.