Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


공학

한국표면공학회지 (26권1호 3-9)

The Effect of Pressure Increase on the Deposition of Tungsten by CVD using SiH4

SiH$_4$를 이용한 텅스텐의 화학증착시 압력증가가 증착에 미치는 영향

박재현;이정중;금동화;
;;;

서울대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;한국과학기술원 재료연구단;
서울대학교 공과대학 금속공학과;한국과학기술원 재료연구단;

Abstract

Chemical vapor deposited tungsten films were formed in a cold wall reactor at pressures higher (10~120torr) than those conventionally employed (<1torr). SiH4, in addition to H2, was used as the reduction gas. The effects of pressure and reaction temperature on the deposition rate and morphology of the films were ex-amined under the above conditions. No encroachment or silicon consumption was observed in the tungsten de-posited specimens. A high deposition rate of tungsten and a good step coverage of the deposited films were ob-tained at 40~80 torr and at a temperature range of $360~380^{circ}C$. The surface roughness and the resistivity of the deposited film increased with pressure. The deposition rate of tungsten increased with the total pressure in the reaction chamber when the pressure was below 40 torr, whereas it decreased when the total pressure ex-ceedeed 40 torr. The deposition rate also showed a maximum value at $360^{circ}C$ regardless of the gas pressure in the chamber. The results suggest that the deposition mechanism varies with pressure and temperature, the surface reac-tion determines the overall reaction rate and (2) at higher pressures(>40 torr) or temperatures(>36$0^{circ}C$), the rate is controlled by the dtransportation rate of reactive gas molecules. It was shown from XRD analysis that WSi2 and metastable $eta$-W were also formed in addition to W by reactions between WF6 and SiH4.

Keywords