Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (54권1호 30-36)

Properties of double-layered anodizing films on Al alloys formed by two consecutive anodizings

알루미늄 합금의 연속식 양극산화법으로 형성시킨 이중 산화막층의 특성

Jeong, Nagyeom;Choi, Jinsub;

영광YKMC 기술연구소;인하대학교 금속재료공정공학전공;
R&D center, YKMC Inc.;Program in Metals and Materials Process Engineering, Inha University;

DOI : 10.5695/JKISE.2021.54.1.30


In this study, double-layered anodizing films were formed on Al 5052 and Al 6061 alloys consecutively first in sulfuric acid and then in oxalic acid, and hardness, withstand voltage, surface roughness and acid resistance of the anodizing films were compared with single-layered anodizing films in sulfuric acid and oxalic acid electrolytes. Hardness of the double-layered anodizing film decreased with increasing ratio of inner layer to outer layer for both Al 5052 and Al 6061 alloys, suggesting that outer anodizing film formed in sulfuric acid electrolyte is damaged during the second anodizing in oxalic acid electrolyte. Withstand voltage of the double-layered anodizing films increased with increasing the thickness ratio of inner layer to outer layer. Surface roughness of the double-layered anodizing films were comparable with that of single-layered anodizing film formed in sulfuric acid but higher than that of single layer anodizing film formed in oxalic acid electrolyte. In acid resistance test, all of the double-layered and single-layered anodizing films showed good acid resistance more than 3 h without any visible gas evolution, which is attributable to sealing of pores. Based on the experimental results obtained in this work, it is possible to design a double-layered anodizing film with cost-effectiveness and improved physical and electrical properties by combining two consecutive anodizing processes of sulfuric acid anodizing and oxalic acid anodizing methods.


Aluminum;consecutive two-anodizing process;Oxalic acid;Sulfuric acid anodizing;Hardness;Dielectric breakdown;Acid resistance;